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How to Support a Grieving Dog After the Loss of a Canine Companion

When a dog loses a companion, they can exhibit behaviours and emotions similar to human grief. Understanding and identifying these signs are crucial to providing the necessary support and comfort to your surviving pet. This article outlines how dogs grieve, what signs to look for, and practical steps to help them cope and eventually move past the loss.

Understanding Canine Grief

Dogs can form strong emotional bonds with other pets in their household. When a companion dies, dogs may experience stress, confusion, and sadness. The grieving process in dogs can manifest in various ways, depending on their personality and the nature of their relationship with the deceased pet.

Signs of Grieving in Dogs

  1. Behavioural Changes: Dogs may become clingy, anxious, or more sensitive. Some may show depression-like symptoms, such as a loss of interest in playing, sleeping more, or being less active.

  2. Physical Symptoms: Common physical reactions include lethargy, loss of appetite, and even signs of illness. Some dogs may howl, cry, or search for their lost companion.

  3. Altered Routine: Dogs are creatures of habit, and the absence of a familiar companion can disrupt their daily routine, leading to increased stress.

What to Expect

Just like humans, dogs' reactions to grief can vary widely. Some may not show any signs of distress, while others might exhibit significant behavioural changes. It's essential to monitor your dog's health and behavior closely during this time. If you notice severe or prolonged symptoms, consulting a veterinarian is advisable to rule out any underlying health issues.

How to Help Your Grieving Dog

  1. Maintain Routine: Keeping a consistent routine can provide a sense of stability and security for your dog. Continue feeding, walking, and playing with your dog at the usual times to help them adjust to the change.

  2. Provide Comfort and Attention: Extra affection and attention can help soothe your dog's anxiety. Spend quality time together, engage in their favourite activities, and offer plenty of physical contact like petting and cuddling.

  3. Encourage Exercise and Mental Stimulation: Physical activity and mental challenges can help distract your dog from their grief. Take additional walks, introduce new toys, or start a new training routine to keep them engaged.

  4. Let Them Say Goodbye: If possible, allowing your dog to see their deceased companion can provide a sense of closure. This step is controversial and might not be suitable for every situation, so use your best judgment.

  5. Monitor Health: Keep an eye on your dog's physical health. Loss of appetite and lethargy can be common, but if these symptoms persist, seek veterinary advice. Some dogs might benefit from temporary use of anti-anxiety medication or supplements.

  6. Avoid Immediate Replacement: Resist the urge to get a new pet immediately. Allow your dog and yourself time to grieve and adjust. When the time feels right, consider involving your dog in the process of choosing a new companion to ensure compatibility.

  7. Create a Safe Space: Ensure your dog has a comfortable and quiet place where they can retreat when feeling overwhelmed. This space should be filled with familiar items that provide comfort.

  8. Seek Support: Don't hesitate to reach out for help if needed. Support groups, both online and offline, can offer valuable advice and empathy from others who have experienced similar losses.

Helping Them Move Past the Loss

Grieving is a process that takes time, and there is no set timeline for when a dog should "get over" the loss of a companion. Be patient and compassionate, offering consistent support. Over time, with love and care, most dogs will begin to adapt to their new reality and find joy in life again.


Supporting a grieving dog requires patience, understanding, and a lot of love. By maintaining routines, providing comfort, and engaging them in physical and mental activities, you can help your dog navigate through this challenging period. Remember to take care of yourself during this time as well, as your dog will benefit from your emotional stability and strength.

For more detailed information, you can refer to resources from organisations like the Blue Cross, Dogs Trust, and the Kennel Club, which provide extensive guides on coping with pet loss and supporting grieving dogs.

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